Aspiring to Act Justly and Fairly Is Not “Sh*t”

Someone sent me this as one of the many examples of opportunistic so-called “animal advocates” who fall over themselves in a mad dash to say that animal exploitation is really okay while they hold their hands out for donations:

Imagine someone saying: “Most of the time, I am not a bigot. But I’m not perfect and I occasionally engage in actions that are legal but that harm others and that are motivated by my racial animus because I enjoy it.”

Imagine someone saying: “Yeah, I’m a bigot. But I’m a reducetarian bigot. I am cutting down my racist behavior here and there. For example, I don’t tell racist jokes on Monday before 6.”

Would we say, “Civil Rights Advocates, We Gotta Break Through This 100% Perfect Sh*t” and argue that it’s perfectly okay to deliberately engage in racist conduct, and that we just have to get over this “sh*t” about associating the concept of civil rights with equality?”

Of course not.

Imagine someone saying: “Most of the time, I don’t engage in sexist behavior. But I am not perfect and I occasionally engage in behavior that is legal but that harms women because, well, I enjoy a bit of misogyny now and then.”

Imagine someone saying: “Yeah, I’m a sexist. But I’m a reducetarian sexist. I am cutting down my sexist behavior here and there. For example, on Mondays, before 6, I don’t tell misogynistic jokes that have some sort of sexual violence to women as the punchline.”

Would we say: “Women’s Rights Advocates, We Gotta Break Through this 100% Perfect Sh*t” and argue that it’s perfectly okay to deliberately engage in sexist conduct and that we need to get over this “sh*t” about associating the concept of radical feminism with rejecting misogyny?”

Of course not.

In both cases–in *all* cases involving fundamental human rights–we would be clear: We would say: “You need to think more seriously about justice and fundamental fairness. You need to recognize that justice requires that you not deliberately harm others in these ways.”

But to excuse exploitation–indeed, to celebrate it as some sort of virtue–is the approach of certain opportunistic “animal advocates” when it comes to animals. It’s sad. It’s intellectually vacuous. And it’s transparently speciesist. These “animal advocates” put their stamp of approval on actions that involve imposing suffering and death on animals.

Always speak with people in a nonviolent way and remember your goal is to educate, not judge people (as opposed to actions, practices, and institutions). That it very important.

But it is also important that we recognize that justice requires we always be clear that we have a moral obligation not to engage in victimizing the vulnerable. Those concerned about justice should never put a stamp of approval on that victimization.

And the claim that we often hear that none of us can be “perfectly” vegan because, for example, animals are unintentionally killed in the process of harvesting crops is, like this entire enterprise, intellectually vacuous as well as morally bankrupt. For example, just about every product we consume involves a process where humans are unintentionally injured and sometimes even killed. That does not mean that there is no difference between unintentional deaths that occur during the manufacturing process and deliberately murdering human beings and approving of that murder–and even praising it as a normatively desirable thing.

The animal wefare/happy exploitation crowd has as its central goal to make people feel comfortable about continuing to exploit. This assures that they will bring in donations so that they can be careerists–professional “activists” who ask you to contribute money that you earn at your job so that they can have the “job” of being professional “activists” who compromise the interests of animals and reject veganism as a moral baseline, and then canonize themselves as heroes “for the animals.” It’s appalling and it’s corrupt. Supporting these people in any way is supporting animal exploitation.

The person who wrote the essay that I was sent this morning is not a vegan and explicitly rejects veganism as a moral imperative. “Sh*t” is non-vegans lecturing us about veganism and then holding their hands out for a donation.

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If you are not vegan, please go vegan. Veganism is about nonviolence. First and foremost, it’s about nonviolence to other sentient beings. But it’s also about nonviolence to the earth and nonviolence to yourself.

If animals matter morally, veganism is not an option — it is a necessity. Anything that claims to be an animal rights movement must make clear that veganism is a moral imperative.

Embracing veganism as a moral imperative and advocating for veganism as a moral imperative are, along with caring for nonhuman refugees, the most important acts of activism that you can undertake.

The World is Vegan! If you want it.

Learn more about veganism at www.HowDoIGoVegan.com.

Gary L. Francione
Board of Governors Professor of Law, Rutgers University
Honorary Professor (Philosophy) University of East Anglia

©2018 Gary L. Francione

Should Animal Rights Advocates Promote “In-Vitro” or “Cultured” Meat?

That’s an easy question. The answer is: Absolutely not.

The reason is simple: cultured meat involves taking cells from living animals; it also involves growing those cells in an animal medium, such as fetal serum from calves or horses. So animals are killed in the process of producing cultured meat.

If you believe that animals have moral value and posses moral rights, you don’t support killing animals. Period. You don’t say that killing 2 is okay to save 10 anymore than you would say that it’s okay to use 2 humans as forced organ donors to save 10 humans.

What about the argument that this technology would provide meat for the billions of people who want to continue to eat meat, and would involve the slaughter of fewer animals?

Apart from the fact that animal rights advocates do not promote killing animals, there are already many 100% plant-based meat substitutes–and there are more being developed every day. So if people want the sensation of eating something corpse-like, they already have many options that do not involve killing animals There is no reason to believe that cultured meat will have any greater success or social acceptance than 100% plant-based products do.

But let me reiterate a point I made earlier: animal rights advocates do not promote killing some animals to (supposedly) save more animals any more than a human rights advocate does not promote commodifying some humans in order to save a larger number of humans.

What about the argument that animal rights advocates should stop being “binary” (i.e., all or nothing). That is, they should put aside their rights convictions and support “cultured” meat because it will supposedly save animal lives (but will still involve killing animals as sources of cells and culture medium). That argument is transparently speciesist. We would never advocate making those trade-offs were humans involved.

Those who advocate animal rights should keep educating everyone they can about veganism as a matter of justice. That will change the world. Animal rights advocates should never promote or support any form of animal exploitation just as human rights advocates would never promote commodifying and killing some humans in order to save others.

I recognize that there are some “animal people” who are very excited about cultured meat and are investing money or other resources in it. I could not disagree more with them.

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If you are not vegan, please go vegan. Veganism is about nonviolence. First and foremost, it’s about nonviolence to other sentient beings. But it’s also about nonviolence to the earth and nonviolence to yourself.

If animals matter morally, veganism is not an option — it is a necessity. Anything that claims to be an animal rights movement must make clear that veganism is a moral imperative.

Embracing veganism as a moral imperative and advocating for veganism as a moral imperative are, along with caring for nonhuman refugees, the most important acts of activism that you can undertake. Never fall for the line that we need to exploit animals in order to stop animal exploitation. That is absurd.

The World is Vegan! If you want it.

Learn more about veganism at www.HowDoIGoVegan.com.

Gary L. Francione
Board of Governors Professor of Law, Rutgers University
Honorary Professor (Philosophy) University of East Anglia

©2018 Gary L. Francione

Abolitionist Approach Podcast: An Easy Way to Start a Conversation About Veganism

Dear Friends:

Here is a podcast that Anna Charlton and I did on an easy way to start a conversation about veganism.
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If you are not vegan, please go vegan. Veganism is about nonviolence. First and foremost, it’s about nonviolence to other sentient beings. But it’s also about nonviolence to the earth and nonviolence to yourself.

If animals matter morally, veganism is not an option — it is a necessity. Anything that claims to be an animal rights movement must make clear that veganism is a moral imperative.

Embracing veganism as a moral imperative and advocating for veganism as a moral imperative are, along with caring for nonhuman refugees, the most important acts of activism that you can undertake.

The World is Vegan! If you want it.

Learn more about veganism at www.HowDoIGoVegan.com.

Gary L. Francione
Board of Governors Professor of Law, Rutgers University
Honorary Professor (Philosophy) University of East Anglia

©2018 Gary L. Francione

Play

Abolitionist Approach Podcast: On the Misuse of “Abolition”

Dear Friends:

Here is a podcast that Anna and I did on the misuse of “Abolition”.

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If you are not vegan, please go vegan. Veganism is about nonviolence. First and foremost, it’s about nonviolence to other sentient beings. But it’s also about nonviolence to the earth and nonviolence to yourself.

If animals matter morally, veganism is not an option — it is a necessity. Anything that claims to be an animal rights movement must make clear that veganism is a moral imperative.

Embracing veganism as a moral imperative and advocating for veganism as a moral imperative are, along with caring for nonhuman refugees, the most important acts of activism that you can undertake.

The World is Vegan! If you want it.

Learn more about veganism at www.HowDoIGoVegan.com.

Gary L. Francione
Board of Governors Professor of Law, Rutgers University
Honorary Professor (Philosophy) University of East Anglia

©2018 Gary L. Francione

Play

Abolitionist Approach Podcast: On Anthony Bourdain, Veganism, and Bad Behavior by Some “Animal People”

Dear Friends:

Here is a podcast that Anna and I did on Anthony Bourdain.

I was sitting too far away from the device. The dogs were walking around the room. We will do better!

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If you are not vegan, please go vegan. Veganism is about nonviolence. First and foremost, it’s about nonviolence to other sentient beings. But it’s also about nonviolence to the earth and nonviolence to yourself.

If animals matter morally, veganism is not an option — it is a necessity. Anything that claims to be an animal rights movement must make clear that veganism is a moral imperative.

Embracing veganism as a moral imperative and advocating for veganism as a moral imperative are, along with caring for nonhuman refugees, the most important acts of activism that you can undertake.

The World is Vegan! If you want it.

Learn more about veganism at www.HowDoIGoVegan.com.

Gary L. Francione
Board of Governors Professor of Law, Rutgers University
Honorary Professor (Philosophy) University of East Anglia

©2018 Gary L. Francione

Play

A Short Essay on the Meaning of “New Welfarism”

Many of those who are new to thinking about animal ethics get very upset when I say that a group or individual is “new welfarist.” Part of the problem is that these people do not know the history of the animal movement or understand the various ideologies involved. Indeed, many of them reject out of hand any need for theory. But that is silly and most ill-advised. One needs a theory to understand what action to take. Action without theory is, at best, chaotic and confused. And, in a culture where animal exploitation is both pervasive and accepted, action in the absence of theory almost always reinforces the prevailing paradigm.

The classical welfarist position is that animal use is morally acceptable as long as we seek to treat animals in a “humane” manner. The focus of the classical welfare movement is on welfare reforms. Classical welfarists also traditionally promoted certain single-issue campaigns, such as the campaign against fur.

In the 1990s, many groups that claimed to reject classical welfarism–the so-called “animal rights” groups that arose in the 1980s–decided to promote the same old donation-generating welfarist campaigns and single-issue campaigns but claimed that they were doing so as a means to the end of achieving “animal rights.” I identified that position as “new welfarism” and argued that it was morally problematic because it was speciesist. We would never promote “humane [fill in the blank with any sort of fundamental human rights violation]” as a supposed means of achieving recognition of human rights. Welfare campaigns were also problematic from a practical point of view: not only would they not lead to abolishing animal use, they would actually make people more comfortable about continuing to exploit nonhuman animals. People who think that exploitation has been made more “humane” feel better about, and are encouraged to continue, participating in animal exploitation. Moreover, because animals are chattel property, any welfare reforms are likely to be very minor, make animal exploitation more economically efficient, and be the sorts of things that rational institutional exploiters would adopt anyway.

Single-issue campaigns are problematic because, by targeting a particular animal use, particularly in the absence of a clear, unequivocal, and consistent condemnation of all animal use, they necessarily promote the idea that some forms of exploitation are worse than others and, by implication, that other forms of exploitation are morally better or morally acceptable. Single-issue campaigns substitute one form of exploitation for another. A good example of the problem is the anti-fur campaign, which has been going on for decades now and, in addition to being relentlessly sexist and misogynistic, has conveyed the notion that fur is worse than, say, wool. It is not uncommon to see people at anti-fur demos wearing wool. People who protest foie gras eat steak, chicken, and fish, and think that they are acting in a morally better way.

I wrote about these topics in the 1990s in my books, Animals, Property, and the Law (1995), and Rain Without Thunder: The Ideology of the Animal Rights Movement (1996). More recently, the book I co-authored with Anna Charlton, Animal Rights: The Abolitionist Approach 2015, discusses these issues.

More recently, some who claim to be “Abolitionist” have gotten upset when I say that their position or the position of the group in which they are involved, is “new welfarist.” They reply: “But I don’t promote welfare reforms.” That may be true in one sense, but statements like:

* “I am an Abolitionist and do not promote welfare reform myself but I don’t want to be divisive and I don’t criticize groups that promote welfare reform,” or
* “I don’t promote welfare reform but I seek to build bridges with the groups that promote welfare reform,” or
* “I don’t promote the consumption of cage-free eggs but I have respect for those who do because I think they sincerely want all egg consumption to end”
* “I don’t promote welfare reforms but I work with groups that do and we do projects together”

are new welfarist positions because these statements acknowledge the validity of welfare reform as a supposed means toward Abolition. These positions promote animal exploitation.

If someone says, “I am opposed to all animal use but I ask people to sign petitions to companies so that they stop ‘abusive’ practices and comply with various regulations,” that is new welfarist. Campaigns against “abusive” practices and demands to comply with regulations send a very clear message: animal use can be morally acceptable under the right circumstances irrespective of what the speaker intends.

Advocates who promote single-issue campaigns are promoting new welfarism because they are necessarily substituting one form of exploitation for another. Moreover, many single-issue campaigns rely on various sorts of human discrimination: sexism, racism, xenophobia, and ethnocentrism.

Finally, many people do not understand that Abolitionism, at least as I have developed that idea, involves Six Principles: Every sentient being has a right not to be used as property (Principle 1); Abolitionists should never promote welfare reform campaigns or single-issue campaigns (Principle 2); Abolitionists should promote veganism as a moral imperative (Principle 3); Sentience and no other cognitive characteristic is necessary to have the moral right not to be used exclusively as a resource (Principle 4); Abolitionists should reject all forms of discrimination–human and nonhuman (Principle 5); and Abolitionists should reject violence and promote nonviolence (Principle 6).

I understand that we live in a time of video games and Twitter, and many people cannot be bothered to learn anything. They don’t care about what has happened in the past. They don’t care about ideology. They think that reading is a waste of time. They just want to be “activists.” Indeed, they often say things like, “You are putting philosophy ahead of action.” Anyone who would say such a thing knows nothing about how social movements function and is more interested in entertainment than in social change. We live in a world of limited time and resources. One cannot identify what actions one should choose in the absence of a theory that identifies those actions that are consistent with the moral basis of the movement.

It is terribly troubling that so many “animal advocates” know nothing about the history of the movement. All I can say is to repeat what philosopher George Santayana said: “Those who do not remember the past are condemned to repeat it.”

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If you are not vegan, please go vegan. Veganism is about nonviolence. First and foremost, it’s about nonviolence to other sentient beings. But it’s also about nonviolence to the earth and nonviolence to yourself.

If animals matter morally, veganism is not an option — it is a necessity. Anything that claims to be an animal rights movement must make clear that veganism is a moral imperative.

Embracing veganism as a moral imperative and advocating for veganism as a moral imperative are, along with caring for nonhuman refugees, the most important acts of activism that you can undertake.

The World is Vegan! If you want it.

Learn more about veganism at www.HowDoIGoVegan.com.

Gary L. Francione
Board of Governors Professor of Law, Rutgers University
Honorary Professor (Philosophy) University of East Anglia

©2018 Gary L. Francione

The Death of Activism and the Rise of Branding Spectacle in Animal Advocacy

The traditional animal welfare groups never bothered much with activism. These were charities that just wanted donations.

Then, in the 1980s, the “animal rights” movement arrived in the U.S. Although the movement started off with a focus on grassroots activism, the movement morphed into the new welfarist movement–a conglomeration of corporate charities that talked about abolition as the end goal but promoted the same donation-raising welfare reform campaigns and single-issue campaigns as a supposed means to that end. The primary form of “activism” became writing a check to support these campaigns. If individuals sought any input into the direction of the movement or, perish the thought, challenged it in any way, they were told to stop being “divisive.” They were told that we needed “movement unity.” That was all code for: “shut up and make a donation.”

And now, we have the new groups that proclaim that they are all about “activism.” And what does that mean? It means “instant activism” You don’t have to learn anything. You don’t have to understand anything about animal rights theory, what abolition means, or about why veganism is a moral imperative. You don’t even have to be a vegan. You just have to show up at events and stand silently, wearing a mask and holding a laptop, or screaming at people in restaurants, or delaying the arrival of truck to the slaughterhouse so that you can “bear witness.” These “activist” groups even promote the new welfarist corporate charities in various ways. “Activism” has become: “show up and help us do events that brand us.” “Activism” is all about branding, social events, and entertainment.

And we have a “new” brand of “leader”: celebrity “activists” with Patreon accounts who want you to provide them with a living so that they can have a career in “activism.” You know, just like the executives over at the corporate charities.

Have some people gone vegan as a result of the “activist” groups and Patreon-funded “leaders”? I have no doubt some have. But that is not the point. Some people have gone vegan as a result of the new welfarist groups and their “happy exploitation” campaigns. The point is that if the people who are involved in these “activist” and new welfarist groups actually educated themselves and got involved in clear, unequivocal abolitionist vegan advocacy, we’d be getting many more people to go vegan. And we would have a movement that presented veganism as something that people did not find strange and alienating.

Showing violent videos is not new. Animal people have been doing that for years. Indeed, many of the new “activists” do not seem to know that during the 1990s, there was a campaign to show violent videos in public using a kiosk. The general problem with violent videos is that, in a society in which animal use is taken as a given, these videos have the overall effect of getting people to support things like CCTC cameras in slaughterhouses, “undercover” investigations of factory farms, and all of the things that are part and parcel of the “happy exploitation” movement. That is precisely why the large corporate charities also use the violent imagery–it is useful in getting support for their new welfarist campaigns. The new “activists” are getting their video footage from the new welfarist corporate charities. Think about that for a second.

We have “activists” stopping trucks on the way to the slaughterhouse so that “activists” can “bear witness.” Animals en route to slaughter are terrified. Stopping a truck so that “activists” can stick cameras, petting hands, or crying faces in front of the animals may create a spectacle but it does nothing for the animals. Indeed, to prolong their distress is to harm them.

In 1989, PETA started with the “I’d Rather Go Naked Than Wear Fur Campaign.” In many ways, that was the beginning of moving activism away from substance and in the direction of a branding spectacle. And we are now reaching a stage where “activism” is branding spectacle. “Activism” is more about events that involve a formula that is identified with one group or another and that serve to reinforce a brand. “Activism” is more about providing some “experience” for people than it is changing the paradigm in which nonhuman animals are things.

Do you want a vegan world? You need to do three things: (1) you need to be vegan; (2) you need to educate yourself about animal rights and abolition, and about why veganism is a moral imperative; and (3) you need to become a creative and nonviolent educator in your community. We need a grassroots movement where each of us is a “leader” who incorporates our veganism into every aspect of our daily lives. And our educational efforts should always focus proceed in a context that clearly promotes nonviolence and rejects human discrimination. We should seek to become a new, and more inclusive, peace movement.

We need to get away from the idea of “activism” as spectacle that brands particular groups and the development of yet another group of Patreon-funded careerist “leaders.” We need to resurrect the grassroots movement that started in 1980 but that was replaced by corporate charities and street theater.

Real activism is hard work. But it is the only way things will change. There is a great deal of current interest in veganism. Let’s take advantage of that interest in funnel it in a productive direction.

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If you are not vegan, please go vegan. Veganism is about nonviolence. First and foremost, it’s about nonviolence to other sentient beings. But it’s also about nonviolence to the earth and nonviolence to yourself. If animals matter morally, veganism is not an option — it is a necessity. Anything that claims to be an animal rights movement must make clear that veganism is a moral imperative. Embracing veganism as a moral imperative and advocating for veganism as a moral imperative are, along with caring for nonhuman refugees, the most important acts of activism that you can undertake.

If you are already vegan, educate yourself so that you can go out and educate others.

The World is Vegan! If you want it.

Learn more about veganism at www.HowDoIGoVegan.com.

Gary L. Francione
Board of Governors Professor of Law, Rutgers University
Honorary Professor (Philosophy) University of East Anglia

©2018 Gary L. Francione

Animal Rights and “Pets”

Oxford University Press published a collection of essays by philosophers, Pets and People: The Ethics of Our Relationships with Companion Animals. I reviewed the book for the Journal of Value Inquiry. You can find my review here.

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If you are not vegan, please go vegan. Veganism is about nonviolence. First and foremost, it’s about nonviolence to other sentient beings. But it’s also about nonviolence to the earth and nonviolence to yourself.

If animals matter morally, veganism is not an option — it is a necessity. Anything that claims to be an animal rights movement must make clear that veganism is a moral imperative.

Embracing veganism as a moral imperative and advocating for veganism as a moral imperative are, along with caring for nonhuman refugees, the most important acts of activism that you can undertake.

The World is Vegan! If you want it.

Learn more about veganism at www.HowDoIGoVegan.com.

Gary L. Francione
Board of Governors Professor of Law, Rutgers University
Honorary Professor (Philosophy) University of East Anglia

©2018 Gary L. Francione

Tom Regan and the Animal Rights Movement That Once Was

Between the Species, an online journal for the study of philosophy and animals, did an In Memoriam issue focused Tom Regan, who passed away February 20917.

Here is the lead essay, Reflections of Tom Regan and the Animal Rights Movement That Once Was, which I was invited to contribute.

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If you are not vegan, please go vegan. Veganism is about nonviolence. First and foremost, it’s about nonviolence to other sentient beings. But it’s also about nonviolence to the earth and nonviolence to yourself.

If animals matter morally, veganism is not an option — it is a necessity. Anything that claims to be an animal rights movement must make clear that veganism is a moral imperative.

Embracing veganism as a moral imperative and advocating for veganism as a moral imperative are, along with caring for nonhuman refugees, the most important acts of activism that you can undertake.

The World is Vegan! If you want it.

Learn more about veganism at www.HowDoIGoVegan.com.

Gary L. Francione
Board of Governors Professor of Law, Rutgers University
Honorary Professor (Philosophy) University of East Anglia

©2018 Gary L. Francione

Adventures in Confused Thinking About Sexism

Someone sent this PETA poster and PETA’s reply to the claim that this sort of thing commodifies women. According to PETA, it is “misogynist” to claim that this poster commodifies women because it fails to respect the decision that women make to participate in making a poster like this.

To call that confused reasoning on PETA’s part is the nicest thing I can say about it.

In a patriarchal society (which this undoubtedly is), woman are–by definition–viewed as second-class citizens whose primary function is to provide sexual services. Although that is changing to some degree, anyone who thinks that is not still the (very) dominant paradigm is dreaming. To say that this poster does not represent self-commodification is absurd. No one is questioning whether women are “free” to do this. Of course they are “free” to do so. Patriarchy *encourages* women to self-commodify. In a patriarchal society, the choices of women are shaped by sexist norms. That’s the problem.

This sort of poster blatantly and transparently encourages people to think of women as “meat.” That is wrong in itself–and it will *never* lead to our stopping people from thinking of nonhumans as “meat.” In a patriarchal society, commodification and self-commodification are inevitable. But using the wrong of sexism (supposedly) to educate about speciesism is something we should not do.

In order to see the absurdity of PETA’s position, consider this analogy. This is a racist society. There can be no doubt of that. Actors of color are very often playing stereotype parts that reinforce the racist narrative that people of color routinely engage in criminal and violent actions. I saw a black actor interviewed who was asked why he always played a drug pusher or a pimp. His response was to the effect that those are the roles he is offered. Do these actors play these parts “voluntarily”? Sure.They get paid a lot of money. But their choices are limited by racism. Do these depictions reinforce racist stereotypes? Of course. Is it “racist” to point this out? Of course not. We have an obligation to call out this sort of thing.

The same reasoning applies in the sexism context.

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If you are not vegan, please go vegan. Veganism is about nonviolence. First and foremost, it’s about nonviolence to other sentient beings. But it’s also about nonviolence to the earth and nonviolence to yourself.

If animals matter morally, veganism is not an option — it is a necessity. Anything that claims to be an animal rights movement must make clear that veganism is a moral imperative.

Embracing veganism as a moral imperative and advocating for veganism as a moral imperative are, along with caring for nonhuman refugees, the most important acts of activism that you can undertake.

Never use racism, sexism, or any form of discrimination to promote animal rights. All forms of discrimination are morally wrong.

The World is Vegan! If you want it.

Learn more about veganism at www.HowDoIGoVegan.com.

Gary L. Francione
Board of Governors Professor of Law, Rutgers University
Honorary Professor (Philosophy) University of East Anglia

©2018 Gary L. Francione